Orthopaedic Surgery – General Information


For most orthopaedic conditions, surgery is not a must. It is an option that you can choose based on the risks and benefits unique to you.

Risks and Complications

Though we take appropriate measures to avoid or minimize risks, complications can happen after any surgery and may require repeat surgeries and prolonged treatment.

  • General complications of anesthesia, and medical complications related to the heart, lungs, kidneys, liver, and the brain are rare and not in the control of the surgeon.
  • Infection, bleeding, blood clots, healing problems, persistent pain, avascular necrosis after hip surgery, paralysis after spine and nerve surgery can be decreased, but not avoided completely by the measures taken by the surgeon.
  • Technical aspects of the surgery and avoidance of injury to healthy tissues are mostly in the control of the surgeon, and every effort will be made to get the best result for a given condition.

Before the surgery

  • My office will notify you of the date of your surgery and the hospital will call you on the day before your surgery with the tentative time.
  • You will be expected not to eat or drink after midnight till your surgery.
  • Blood thinners and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines should be stopped several days before surgery to decrease the amount of bleeding. If stopping the medications is risky for your health, discuss a plan with your physician.
  • Most often, you can take routine medications with small sips of clear water until a few hours before surgery.
  • A clean shower is desirable on the morning of the surgery if your condition permits. Notify us or the hospital if you develop any signs of infection, cold, cough, fever, chills, shortness of breath etc.

During & after Surgery

  • A proper anesthetic appropriate for your condition will be offered and other options will be discussed.
  • Measures to prevent infection, blood clots, & pressure sores are used
  • Antibiotics and pain medication are used routinely.